Football Club Barcelona, or commonly known as Barcelona/Barca, is a professional Spanish club based in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. FC Barcelona was founded in 1899 by a group of foreigners led by Gamper, and throughout these years, the club became a symbol of Catalanism and Catalan culture. Some people assume that the club's popularity comes from the motto, "More than a club." Others think that the reason behind it is the fact that Barcelona is owned and operated by the supporters.
FC Barcelona is the fourth most valued sports team in the world. The club's worth is 4.06 billion dollars, and the annual turnover of Barcelona consists of 840.8 million euros. With these numbers, Barcelona is known to be the wealthiest football club in the world. The club has its anthem "Cant del Barca" written by Josep Maria Espinas and Jaume Picas.FC Barcelona has one of the most devoted supporters in the world. They usually call themselves culé ( English: arse), this nickname comes from the time, when the team was playing at Camp de la Industria, and the spectators were sitting with their "culs "on the stand.
According to the statistics, approximately 25% of the Spain population is Barca supporters, and this number makes the club the second after Real Madrid with 32%.
Hans Gamper, an athlete, and Swiss football pioneer, arrived in Barcelona in early 1898. Alongside his professional business, in his free time, he always played football in Bonanova. In October 1899, He decided to form a football team and placed an advertisement in Los Deportes magazine. His advert said that Gamper was willing to organize football matches in Barcelona, and was looking for people interested in this sport.
On 29 November, The team was finally formed. The members of the original group were: Otto Kunzle, Walter Wild, John and William Parsons, Otto Maier, Lluis d’Osso, Bartomeu Terradas, Enric Ducal, Carles Pujol, Pere Cabot, and Josep Llobet.
Throughout the history of the football club Barcelona, it has won multiple domestic and worldwide trophies, including 26 La Liga, 13 Supercopa de Espana, 30 Copa del Rey, 3 Copa Eva Duarte, and 2 Copa de la Liga. Along with these domestic trophies, the club is the record holder for many competitions. Barcelona has won 20 worldwide and European titles: 3 FIFA Club World Cup, 3 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, 5 UEFA Champions League titles, 5 UEFA Super Cup, and 4 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup. According to Barca's official website, the club's greatest joy and pride in the 5 European Cups titles won in 1992, 2006, 2009, 2011, 2015, and also the FIFA Club World Cup won in 2009, 2011, and 2015.
Ownership and Finances
FC Barcelona is a registered association, but unlike the other limited companies, the club doesn’t allow purchases of its shares. One can only become a member of the organization. The members of Football Club Barcelona are referred to as socis. According to 2016 data, the club has 140000 socis. For the past decade, Barcelona has been on the list of the world’s richest football clubs. For example, in 2010, according to Forbes, the football club’s worth was around 752 million euros, which made Barcelona the fourth in the ranking after Manchester United, Real Madrid, and Arsenal. These statistics were based on the 2008-2009 season. In 2013, Forbes also mentioned FC Barcelona as the third most valuable team in the world, with worth 2.6 billion dollars. In 2014, Barcelona’s worth was 3.64 billion dollars. Groundbreakings were 2018 and 2019 for the Spanish football club, because of the record revenue of 959.3 million dollars. This number made FC Barcelona for the first time, the sport’s biggest cash-generating club. Barcelona’s biggest opponent Real Madrid holds second place.